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About Poem Divine Comedy:
The Divine comedy is a long narrative poem by Dante Alighieri, begun from 1308 c. and completed in 1320, a year before his death in 1321. It is wisely considered as his prominent work in Italian literature, and is seen as one of the greatest works of world literature. The poem’s imaginative vision of the afterlife is representative of the medieval world view as it had developed in the Western Church by the 14th century. It helped in establishing the Tuscan language, in which it is written, as the standardized Italian language. It is divided into three parts includes inferno, Purgatorio and paradiso. On the surface of the poem Dante’s travel through Hell, Purgatory and paradise or heaven, but at a deeper level it represents allegorically the soul’s journey towards God. At this deeper level, Dante draws on medieval Christian theology and philosophy, especially Thomistic philosophy. The work was simply titled Comedia and the word Divina was added by Giovanni Boccaccio. The first printed edition to the world divina to the title was that of the Venetian humanist Lodovico Dolce, published in 1555 by Gabriele Giolito de’ Ferrari. The Divine comedy is composed of 14,233 lines that are further divided into three canticas. Inferno, Purgatorio and paradise and each consists of 33 cantos. An initial canto, serving as an introduction to the poem and it is generally considered to be part of the first cantica, brings the total number of cantos of 100. The number three is prominent in the work, represented in part by the number of canticas and their lengths. Additionally, the verse scheme used, terza rima, is hendecasyllabic, with the lines composing tercets according to the rhyme scheme aba, bcb, cdc, ded. The poem tell Dante’s journey through the three realms of the dead, lasting from the night before Good Friday to the Wednesday after Easter in the spring of 1300.
About Dante Alighieri:
Durante Degli Alighieri also called Dante. He was born on 1265 and died in 1321. He was a major Italian poet of the late middle ages. His Divine comedy, originally called Comedia and later christened Divina by Boccaccio, is widely considered as the greatest literary work composed in Italian language and a masterpiece of world literature. It has been referred to as the greatest poem of the Middle Ages. Dante has been called the father of Italian language and one of the greatest poets of world literature. In Italy, Dante is often referred to as il Sommo Poeta and Boccaccio are also called “the three fountains” or “the three crowns”.
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